The Influence of Personal Factors of the Patient, Doctor, Payment Method and Type of Class to the Quality and Satisfaction of Inpatient Care Services in Dr. Moewardi Hospital Surakarta


  • Prima Soultoni Akbar Masters Program of Public Health, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta
  • Rita Benya Adriani School of Health Polytechnics, Surakarta
  • Bhisma Murti Masters Program of Public Health, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta


Background: The quality of hospital care is an important element in the implementation of healthcare service. The quality which is perceived is an assessment and a form of evaluation of healthcare users. Improvement on healthcare service is continually conducted to enhance the quality of service and patients’ satisfaction. The study aimed to explain the influence of patients’ personal factors, doctors, payment methods and types of class toward the quality and satisfaction of inpatient care.

Subjects and Methods: This was an analytic observational study with cross-sectional design. This study was conducted at Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta, from March to April 2017. A total of 144 subjects were selected by stratified random sampling. Exogenous variables in this study were family income, level of education, length of stay, doctor’s salary, the surgeon, type of insurance, and type of class. Endogenous variables were patient’s satisfaction and quality of service. The data were collected by a set of questionnaires and secondary data of doctor’s working period and salary. Data analyzed by path analysis.

Results: Patient’s satisfaction were affected by family income (b=-0.08; SE=0.48; p=0.093), level of education (b=-0.44; SE= 0.27; p= 0.102), length of stay (b=0.19; SE=0.99; p=0.059), doctor’s salary (b= 0.02; SE=0.01; p=0.060), doctor's working period (b=0.99; SE=0.44; p=0.024), type of insurance (b= 0.72; SE=0.32; p=0.027), type of class (b= 2.11; SE=0.38; p<0.001), and quality of health services (b=0.16; SE=0.51; p=0.002). Quality of health services were affected by family income (b=-0.15; SE=0.07; p=0.039), length of stay (b=0.37; SE=0.15; p=0.017), doctor's working period (b= 0.13; SE=0.68; p=0.056), insurance types (b= 1.04; SE=0.50; p= 0.036), and type of class (b=2.24; SE=0.59; p<0.001).

Conclusion: Patient’s satisfaction are affected by family income, level of education, length of stay, doctor’s salary, doctor's working period, type of insurance, type of class and quality of health services. Quality of health services are affected by family income, length of stay, doctor’s working period, insurance types, and type of class.

Keywords: quality of health services, patient’s satisfaction

CorrespondencePrima Soultoni Akbar. Masters Program of Public Health, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta. Email: Mobile: +6285258777994.

Journal of Health Policy and Management (2017), 2(1): 1-15


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How to Cite

Akbar, P. S., Adriani, R. B., & Murti, B. (2017). The Influence of Personal Factors of the Patient, Doctor, Payment Method and Type of Class to the Quality and Satisfaction of Inpatient Care Services in Dr. Moewardi Hospital Surakarta. Journal of Health Policy and Management, 2(1), 1–15. Retrieved from